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Wednesday, October 9Sunday, October 12


North House Folk School
W Hwy 61
Grand Marais, MN
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Wayne E. Potratz
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Cell: Call 612-707-4350

4-day Smelting Workshop

Wayne Potratz, sculptor and ironworker, will lead students in building two types of smelting furnaces—a Viking-era style furnace and a brick hybrid furnace, then use them to make steel through the direct reduction of Minnesota magnetite iron ore into high-carbon steel. Additionally, the workshop will build small “Aristotle-style” furnaces to consolidate some of the smaller bits of steel produced into more workable blooms. The resulting steel blooms can be consolidated and hammered into billets suitable for tool and blade making. This course will be of interest to knife-makers, blacksmiths, sculptors, metallurgists, and students of the history of technology. Each student should come away with a piece of high carbon steel in an amount suitable for a small blade or other tool.

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